Answered By: Joe Bourneuf
Last Updated: Mar 17, 2017     Views: 61

By 1860, a letter would travel between these cities exclusively by train, 461 miles in approximately 20 hours, according to tables given in:

Gorton, Gary. Ante Bellum Transportation Indices. (August, 1989). 

I know of no estimates for pick up and delivery of mails at either end, but I expect postal service may have compared favorably with the 2-7 days estimate given by the USPS in 2014.

Further sources:

The United States Postal Service - An American History 1775 - 2006 “Publication 100”
November 2012

The Railway Mail Service Library

News in the mail : the press, Post Office, and public information, 1700-1860s / Richard B. Kielbowicz.      New York ; Greenwood Press, 1989.      Widener  |  WID-LC    |  PN4888.S6 K54 1989  

 

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